The Three Main Types of Hydroponic Gardening
Hydroponic gardening is a technique used to grow vegetables or flowers without the use of soil. Instead, hydroponic gardening uses water and nutrients injected into the growing medium through pumps. Grow plants without taking soil from the earth, ditch the soil and try hydroponic gardening instead. There are two ways of hydroponic gardening: One is growing the plant in a container already filled with a nutrient-enriched, soilless mix of vermiculite, perlite, coconut fiber or sand, and water. The other method is growing the plant in a jar that has been emptied of its water and nutrient mixture.
The hydroponic systems technique is ideal for people who live in apartments, because it requires very little maintenance. You won't need to spend a lot of time keeping the jars clean or checking on the growing medium to see if it is drying up or if the plants are growing properly. Both indoor and outdoor plants can be grown this way; even herb gardens can be grown indoors. Hydroponics is a natural, sustainable form of gardening.
In order to grow faster, healthier plants, you need to control the amount of light your hydroponic gardening plants get, as well as the conditions under which they are growing. If you are growing herbs indoors under grow lights, you will need to have good air circulation and the room must stay relatively dark, usually to just below room temperature. If you are growing taller plants, like cactuses, you will also need good air circulation but the lighting should be low or none at all, depending on the height of the plant.
In a traditional hydroponic gardening setup, plant roots go into the bottom of a growing tray and the nutrient solution in the tray is circulated through a drainage hole. Once the roots start to penetrate the media, nutrient solutions are pumped through holes drilled in the bottom of the growing trays. This method of nutrient distribution is not practical for growing herbs in small spaces like apartment condos. Hydroponics nutrients are delivered to the plant roots through tubing with holes in the bottom so that they can absorb the nutrients. The nutrient solution leaves the growing trays where it belongs, into the growing media where the nutrients are absorbed and used by the plant roots.
There are many advantages to the system of hydroponic gardening. Plants don't need soil to thrive. The growing medium doesn't need to be replaced as often. Plants can be started from seeds and grown without having to make repeated trips into the garden to remove excess water or compost. All of these things are important to growing herbs indoors under soilless growing media. To get some facts about hydroponics, visit https://www.huffpost.com/entry/fountain-house_n_816327.
There are three main types of hydroponic gardening at indoorgardening.com/top-7-best-indoor-vegetable-garden-systems/. The drip system uses a reservoir that contains a slow releasing medium that seeps into the bottom of the container. The media is released when the dropper fills with water. There is no large amount of growing medium to wash or replace. The airlock type of hydroponic gardening is similar but there is no reservoir to feed nutrient media to the plants.